The Millennium Falcon in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope'
The Millennium Falcon is a spacecraft in the Star Wars universe commanded by smuggler Han Solo (Harrison Ford) and his Wookiee first mate, Chewbacca (Peter Mayhew). The highly modified YT-1300 light freighter first appears in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977), and subsequently in Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (1980), Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983) and in a cameo in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005). The Falcon also appears in a variety of Star Wars Expanded Universe materials, including books, comics, and games; James Luceno's novel Millennium Falcon focuses on the titular ship.
Origin and design
According to Star Wars creator George Lucas, the Falcon's design is inspired by a hamburger, with the cockpit being an olive on the side. The ship originally had a more elongated appearance, but the similarity to the Eagle Transporters in Space: 1999 prompted Lucas to change the Falcon's design. The original model was modified, re-scaled, and used as Princess Leia's ship, Tantive IV.
The sound of the ship traveling through hyperspace comes from two tracks of the engine noise of a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, with one track slightly out of synchronization with the other. To this, sound designer Ben Burtt added the hum of the cooling fans on the motion-control rig at ILM.
Models and sets
Template:Ref improve section Visually, the Millennium Falcon was represented by several models and external and internal sets. For A New Hope, a partial exterior set was constructed and the set dressed as Docking Bay 94 and the Death Star hangar. Besides the functional landing pads, an additional support held up the structure and was disguised as a fuel line. The interior set included the starboard ring corridor, the boarding ramp, cockpit access tunnel, gun turret ladder, secret compartments, and the forward hold. The cockpit was constructed as a separate set that could be rocked when the ship was supposed to shake. Several inconsistencies exist between the internal set and the external set, the cockpit access tunnel angle being the most noticeable.
The effects models for A New Hope matched the design of the exterior set. The primary model was 5 feet long and detailed with various kit parts. The ship was represented as a matte painting when Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher) sees it for the first time, showing the full upper surface. For the 1997 Special Edition, a digital model replaces the effects model in several shots, and is used in a new shot of the Falcon lifting off from Docking Bay 94.
For The Empire Strikes Back, a new external set was constructed in a hangar by Marcon Fabrications in Pembroke Dock, West Wales. Once completed, it weighed over 25 tons and used compressed air hover pads for movement around the set. It was disassembled and shipped to the studio for filming. As in A New Hope, the location set was changed around the ship set. The only major design change was to add a landing pad where the disguised fuel line had been in A New Hope. As this set included the port side, that gave the set seven landing pads. The internal set was slightly refitted from A New Hope and featured a larger cargo hold, an additional corridor to port, and an equipment room. Two new interior sets were created that are not shown to connect to the rest of the set: a top hatch that Lando Calrissian (Billy Dee Williams) uses to rescue Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill), and the compartment where Luke rests on a bunk.
The 5-foot-long effects model from A New Hope was modified to reflect the additional landing pads, and several new models were built, including one roughly the size of a U.S. Quarter Dollar. For the 1997 Special Edition, a CGI model replaced the effects model during the approach and landing on Cloud City.
No new models or sets were created for Return of the Jedi. A portion of the full-scale ship was used for a scene cut from Return of the Jedi in which several characters board the Falcon in a sandstorm on Tatooine. In the scene when Han exacts a promise from Lando not to damage the Falcon, the Falcon is represented by a backdrop painting. It is also in a matte painting of the entire hangar bay.
A digital version of the Falcon appears briefly on Coruscant in Revenge of the Sith. Lucas has stated that the ship is the Falcon and not another ship of similar design. A CGI version of the vessel also appears in the Disney attraction Star Tours: The Adventures Continue.
Han Solo won the Falcon from fellow rogue Lando Calrissian in a hand of the card game sabacc. In A New Hope, Obi-Wan Kenobi (Alec Guinness) and Luke Skywalker charter the ship to deliver them, C-3PO (Anthony Daniels), R2-D2 (Kenny Baker), and the stolen Death Star plans to Alderaan. Skywalker calls the ship "a piece of junk", but Solo counters by noting that the ship "may not look like much, but she's got it where it counts." When the Falcon is captured by the Death Star, the group conceal themselves in smuggling compartments built into the floor in order to avoid discovery during a search of the ship. Solo later collects his fee for delivering them to the hidden Rebel base and departs, but returns just in time to assist Luke in his attempt to blow up the Death Star.
Solo flies the Falcon, with Chewbacca, Leia, and C-3PO aboard, to elude the Imperial Starfleet in The Empire Strikes Back. They take refuge at Cloud City, where Darth Vader (David Prowse/James Earl Jones) captures Solo and freezes him in carbonite. Lando Calrissian helps the others escape and, at the film's end, he departs in the Falcon to track down Solo and his captor, Jabba the Hutt. Calrissian again flies the Falcon during the climax of Return of the Jedi, with friend and former smuggler Nien Nunb as co-pilot, leading the Rebels' successful attack on the second Death Star.
Solo's twelve-parsec Kessel Run, the bet that won him the ship from Calrissian, and how he modified it over time, are all depicted in the novel Rebel Dawn by A. C. Crispin. (However, the Falcon makes its debut in the previous book in the trilogy, The Hutt Gambit, as Calrissian's personal ship.) In Dark Horse Comics' "The Kessel Run", Solo mentions a scam that Calrissian uses to win money back from Solo after losing the Falcon to him.
The Falcon is often connected to the Kessel Run, a pathway from Kessel past the Maw Black Hole Cluster used by smugglers to transport precious Glitterstim spice. Solo, in A New Hope, brags that the Falcon made the Kessel Run in "less than twelve parsecs". As this is a unit of distance, not time, different explanations have been provided. In the fourth draft of the script, Kenobi "reacts to Solo’s stupid attempt to impress them with obvious misinformation." In the Expanded Universe, it refers to his ability to move the ship closer to the Maw's black holes and therefore cut the distance traveled. On the A New Hope DVD audio commentary, Lucas comments that, in the Star Wars universe, traveling through hyperspace requires careful navigation to avoid stars, planets, asteroids, and other obstacles, and that since no long-distance journey can be made in a straight line, the "fastest" ship is the one that can plot the "most direct course", thereby traveling the least distance. The novelization backs away and changes the line to "twelve Standard Time Units."
Throughout the franchise, the Falcon has been depicted a number of times, and often comes about during explanations of its history.
- Prior to Star Wars, it is said to be in the possession of Lando Calrissian and was lost to Han Solo in payment of a gambling debt.
- Following the events of The Empire Strikes Back]', Leia and Chewbacca take possession of the Falcon after Solo's incarceration in carbonite and capture by the Empire and Boba Fett.
- During Return of the Jedi, Solo retrieves and immediately lends the Falcon to Lando, who uses it to assist in the Battle of Endor and destruction of the second Death Star.
- Following the Battle of Endor, Solo winds up losing the Falcon after it was stolen from him, only for it to then change hands roughly 4 times after being stolen again and again until ending up on the planet of Jakku under the ownership of a scrap dealer 30 years after The Battle of Endor. Rey and Finn commandeer the ship and use it for escape and subsequently are captured by Solo and Chewbacca, who retake possession of the ship once again.
- Following the death of Solo, it is implied that Rey takes possession of the Falcon along with Chewbacca, though there is no hard proof on whether this was Chewbacca's decision to continue being copilot under her.
Joss Whedon credits the Millennium Falcon as one of his two primary inspirations for his Firefly television show. The Falcon and the Falcon's distinct shape appear in Star Trek: First Contact, Blade Runner, Spaceballs, and Starship Troopers. The manga series Berserk includes a "Millennium Falcon" arc. In another manga and anime series, Hellsing, the Millennium Falcon is referenced briefly for comedic effect.
Kenner, Hasbro, Steel Tec, Master Replicas, Code 3 Collectibles and Micro Machines have all released Millennium Falcon toys and puzzles, including a Transformers version of the ship. Lego has released multiple versions of the Millennium Falcon in varying sizes. The 5,195-piece Lego model (part of the Star Wars "Ultimate Collectors Series") was physically the largest Lego set sold by the company, until it was topped in 2008 by the Lego Taj Mahal.
In 2010, Adidas also released a pair of Stan Smith trainers inspired by the Millennium Falcon, as part of the Adidas Originals Star Wars campaign. SpaceX states that its Falcon series of rockets are named after the Millennium Falcon.
- ↑ "Millennium Falcon Week Begins!". Lucasfilm. 2008-10-20. http://www.starwars.com/vault/books/10202008feature.html. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 "Star Wars: Databank: Millennium Falcon (Behind the Scenes)". starwars.com. http://www.starwars.com/databank/starship/millenniumfalcon/?id=bts. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
- ↑ Peterson, Lorne (2006-11-14). Sculpting A Galaxy - Inside the Star Wars Model Shop. San Rafael, CA: Insight Editions. pp. 2–3. ISBN 1-933784-03-2.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Rinzler, J. W. (2010-09-01). The Sounds of Star Wars. Chronicle Books. p. 82. ISBN 978-0811875462.
- ↑ "Towns secret Star Wars history". BBC. 2005-05-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/wales/south_west/4555455.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 "The Last Corellian Shipyard". Lucasfilm. 2008-10-20. pp. 5. http://www.starwars.com/hyperspace/member/kessel/f20060309.html?page=5. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- ↑ "The Last Corellian Shipyard". Lucasfilm. 2008-10-20. pp. 2. http://www.starwars.com/hyperspace/member/kessel/f20060309.html?page=2. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- ↑ "Star Wars: Databank: Millennium Falcon (Expanded Universe)". starwars.com. http://www.starwars.com/databank/starship/millenniumfalcon/?id=eu. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
- ↑ Cripsin, A. C.. Rebel Dawn. Han Solo Trilogy. Bantam. ISBN 0553574175.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 "Star Wars: Databank: Kessel (Expanded Universe)". Lucasfilm. http://www.starwars.com/databank/location/kessel/?id=eu. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
- ↑ "Star Wars (Public Version of Fourth Draft) on the Jedi Bendu Script Site". http://starwarz.com/starkiller/2010/03/star-wars-public-version-of-fourth-draft/. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 Commentary track on A New Hope DVD
- ↑ Joss Whedon. (2005). What's in a Firefly.
- ↑ Patrizio, Andy. "Star Trek: First Contact - Special Collector's Edition". IGN. http://dvd.ign.com/articles/594/594096p3.html. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ Sammon, Paul M. (1996-06-01). Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner. HarperCollins. pp. 251. ISBN 978-0061053146. "Bill George had been making a replica of the Millennium Falcon [ . . . ] we were so frantic to get more buildings into the cityscape that we grabbed Bill's ship, bristled it with etched brass, and plopped it into different shots. Instant building."
- ↑ Aden, Jay. "Starship Troopers: A Studio Modeler Portfolio". Starship Modeler. http://www.starshipmodeler.com/other/stroop.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ "Berserk Millennium Falcon Arc ~Seimasenki no Sho~". Moby Games. http://www.mobygames.com/game/berserk-millennium-falcon-arc-seimasenki-no-sho. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ "Millennium Falcon". Lucasfilm. 2008-10-22. pp. 9. http://www.starwars.com/vault/collecting/news20081022.html?page=9. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ "Star Wars: Collecting: Till All Are One Millennium Falcon". starwars.com. 2006-03-02. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12. http://web.archive.org/web/20071012021547/http://www.starwars.com/collecting/news/hasbro/news20060302.html. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- ↑ "The Falcon is Back and Better Than Ever". Lucasfilm. 2008-07-09. http://www.starwars.com/vault/collecting/20080709b.html. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ "Millennium Falcon". Lucasfilm. 2008-10-22. pp. 3. http://www.starwars.com/vault/collecting/news20081022.html?page=3. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ "Millennium Falcon". Lucasfilm. 2008-10-22. pp. 4. http://www.starwars.com/vault/collecting/news20081022.html?page=4. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- ↑ Lipkowitz, Daniel (2009). The LEGO Book. DK. pp. 144. ISBN 9780756656232.
- ↑ "Peeron Lego Database". http://www.peeron.com/cgi-bin/invcgis/setsearch?PagerSortDir=r&PagerSortCol=Pcs&PagerSortRev=0.
- ↑ "Star Wars x adidas Stan Smith – Millennium Falcon – Available". Sneaker News. http://sneakernews.com/2009/12/31/star-wars-x-adidas-stan-smith-millenium-falcon-available. Retrieved 2010-12-24.
- ↑ "SpaceX Selected For Responsive space Launch Demonstration Under DARPA Falcon Program". 2004-10-20. http://www.spacex.com/press.php?page=11. Retrieved 2011-08-02.
- Millennium Falcon in the Star Wars Databank
- Millennium Falcon on Wookieepedia: a Star Wars Wiki
- The Last Corellian Shipyard - Lucasfilm essay on constructing the full-scale Falcon for The Empire Strikes Back