Johnny Depp as Captain Jack Sparrow
Captain Jack Sparrow is a fictional character and a main protagonist in the Pirates of the Caribbean film series created by screenwriters Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio, portrayed by Johnny Depp. He is first introduced in the film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003). He appears in the sequels Dead Man's Chest (2006), At World's End (2007), and On Stranger Tides (2011). Jack Sparrow was conceived by Elliott and Rossio initially as a supporting character, but Jack serves as a central protagonist in the films. He was brought to life by the actor Johnny Depp, who based his characterization on The Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards and cartoon character Pepé Le Pew.
The series Pirates of the Caribbean was inspired by a Disney theme park ride, and in 2006, when the ride was revamped, the character of Jack Sparrow was introduced to it. Jack Sparrow is also the subject of a children's book series, Pirates of the Caribbean: Jack Sparrow, which chronicles his teenage years and the character has also appeared in numerous video games.
In the context of the films, Sparrow is one of the Brethren Court, the Pirate Lords of the Seven Seas. He can be treacherous, but survives mostly by using wit and negotiation rather than weapons or force, preferring to flee most dangerous situations and fight only when necessary. Sparrow is introduced seeking to regain his ship, the Black Pearl, from his mutinous first mate, Hector Barbossa, and attempts to escape his blood debt to the legendary Davy Jones while battling the East India Trading Company.
The Curse of the Black Pearl
- Main article: Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Captain Jack Sparrow first appears in Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003), where he arrives in Port Royal looking to commandeer a ship. Despite rescuing Elizabeth Swann (Keira Knightley), the daughter of Governor Weatherby Swann (Jonathan Pryce) from drowning, he is jailed for piracy. That night, a cursed ship called the Black Pearl attacks Port Royal, capturing Elizabeth in the process. Its captain, Hector Barbossa (Geoffrey Rush), is trying desperately to break an ancient Aztec curse that he and the crew are under. Will Turner (Orlando Bloom), a blacksmith who loves Elizabeth, frees Sparrow to aid him in rescuing her. They steal the HMS Interceptor and acquire a crew in Tortuga before heading to Isla de Muerta, where Elizabeth is being held captive. Along the way, Will learns that Sparrow was originally captain of the Pearl, but Barbossa posed as his first mate in order to steal the ship from him - eventually leaving him marooned on a desert island eight years ago. While attempting to infiltrate Isla de Muerta, they are quickly captured, and Barbossa maroons both Sparrow and Elizabeth on the same deserted island where he left Jack years ago.
The pair are rescued by the British Royal Navy, after Elizabeth uses some rum found on the island to send off a smoke bomb signal. In order to escape hanging, Sparrow cuts a deal to deliver them the Black Pearl. During the film's final battle at Isla de Muerta, Sparrow steals a cursed coin, making himself immortal so he can fight Barbossa. He shoots his rival with the same bullet he has carried for ten years just as Will breaks the curse, killing Barbossa. Sparrow is captured and later sentenced to death.
At his scheduled execution in Port Royal, Will comes to his rescue, but they are quickly caught. Right at that moment Elizabeth shows her love for Will, and he is pardoned, while Sparrow escapes by falling off the sea wall. He is rescued by the Black Pearl crew, and made captain once more. Apparently impressed by the clever pirate, Commodore James Norrington (Jack Davenport) allows him one day's head start before giving chase.
Dead Man's Chest
- Main article: Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest
In the sequel, Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006), Sparrow searches for the Dead Man's Chest, which will help him to "control" the seas and save himself: thirteen years earlier, Sparrow bartered his soul to Captain Davy Jones (Bill Nighy) in return for Jones raising the sunken Black Pearl and making Sparrow captain. In the film, Sparrow must either serve for one hundred years aboard the Flying Dutchman, or be taken by the Kraken to Davy Jones's Locker.
The Dead Man's Chest contains Jones's heart, which Sparrow can use as leverage against Jones and end his debt. Adding to Sparrow's woes, Lord Cutler Beckett (Tom Hollander) of the East India Trading Company wants to settle his own debt with Sparrow and forces Will Turner to search for him. Will finds Sparrow and his crew hiding from the Kraken on Pelegosto, where they have been captured by cannibals. They escape, but Davy Jones captures them and demands that Jack pay his debt. Jack argues that he was captain for only two years before he was mutinied by Barbossa, but Jones rejects his argument, stating that he's been calling himself "Captain" Jack Sparrow for the allotted years.
Sparrow betrays Will to Davy Jones as part of a new deal to deliver 100 souls in exchange for his own. Sparrow recruits sailors in Tortuga, where he unexpectedly encounters Elizabeth and the disgraced James Norrington, who has turned to alcohol. Convincing Elizabeth that she can free Will by finding the Chest, Sparrow and she head for Isla Cruces after she pinpoints its location with Jack's magic compass. Will also arrives, having escaped Jones's ship after stealing the key to the Chest. Will wants to stab the heart and free his father who is in Jones's service, while Norrington—who has discovered that Lord Cutler Beckett desires the heart in order to control Davy Jones and the seas—hopes to regain his career and honor by delivering the heart to Beckett. Sparrow fears that if Jones is dead, the Kraken will continue hunting him, and wants the heart as leverage.
Jones' crew arrives, and during the ensuing battle, Norrington steals the heart. Jones summons the Kraken to attack the Black Pearl. After seeing his crew get attacked by the Kraken, Jack tries to escape in the last undamaged longboat, but just as he nears an island, he is struck with remorse at abandoning his crew, and goes back to help rescue them. Once there, he helps blow up the kraken before sadly gives orders to abandon the ship; when Gibbs asks if he is sure that he (Jack) wants to leave his ship behind to the Kraken, he replies, "She's only a ship, mate."
Realizing that the Kraken only wants Sparrow, Elizabeth tricks him by giving him a passionate kiss while chaining him to the mast to save the crew, with Jack looking on smirking, he calls her a pirate. The Kraken then arrives, spitting out Jack's hat, which he had lost earlier. Jack, having freed himself, resigns himself to his fate and charges the beast's mouth muttering, " 'Ello beastie." Sparrow and the ship are dragged down to Davy Jones's Locker. The crew seeks solace at the home of Tia Dalma, who surprises them by offering a captain who can help rescue Sparrow: Barbossa, brought back to life at her doing.
At World's End
- Main article: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (2007) opens with Davy Jones's heart now in Beckett's possession, and the nine pirate lords of the Brethren Court are summoned to convene at Shipwreck Cove to combat the combined threat of Beckett and Jones. Though taken to Davy Jones's Locker at the end of the previous film, Sparrow, who is a Pirate Lord of the Caribbean, must attend the meeting, as he failed to bequeath his "piece of eight", a pirate lord's identification marker, to an heir. The collective "pieces of eight" can free the sea goddess Calypso. A resurrected Barbossa leads Sparrow's crew to Davy Jones's Locker using the Singaporean pirate lord Sao Feng (Chow Yun-fat)'s navigational charts. There Sparrow has been hallucinating an entire crew of himself, each member representing a facet of his personality. After Barbossa and the crew find him, Sparrow deciphers a clue on the charts that indicates (in a clever nod to the Fata Morgana mirages attributed to the real life legend of the Flying Dutchman) they must capsize the Black Pearl to escape the Locker; at sunset, the ship upturns back into the living world. Sparrow and Barbossa journey to the Brethren Court where they encounter Elizabeth, who was traded to Sao Feng, and was made a Pirate Lord by him just before he died. At the Brethren Court, she is elected "Pirate King" after Sparrow breaks a stalemate (in all previous meetings, Pirate Lords had always voted for themselves). During parley, he is traded for Will, who was captured by Jones and Beckett after Sparrow sent him overboard on the Black Pearl. The Black Pearl and the Flying Dutchman face off in battle during a maelstrom created by Calypso, Sparrow steals Davy Jones's heart to become immortal. During the act Jones breaks Jack's cutlass. When Jones mortally wounds Will, Sparrow instead saves Will by helping him stab the heart with his own broken sword, killing Jones and making Will the Flying Dutchman's new captain. Together, the Black Pearl and the Flying Dutchman destroy Beckett's ship. At the end of the film Barbossa again commandeers the Black Pearl and Feng's charts, and maroons Sparrow and Mr. Gibbs in Tortuga. Fortunately, Jack has already removed the chart's center, and he sets sail in a dinghy, using his compass and the chart to guide him to the Fountain of Youth.
On Stranger Tides
- Main article: Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides
After reaching a dead end in his search for the Fountain of Youth, Jack Sparrow makes his way to London where he heard of someone going by his name while gathering a crew. Along the way, Sparrow poses as a judge to save the convicted Gibbs before being captured and then captured by the Royal Guards and summoned to a audience with King George the Second and Captain Hector Barbossa of the Royal Navy. By then, Jack Sparrow crosses paths with his impostor, revealed to be an old flame named Angelica (Penélope Cruz) who shanghaies him to the Queen Anne's Revenge, the ship of the horrific Blackbeard (Ian McShane) who forces Jack into helping him reach the Fountain of Youth. Learning the full story behind it, Jack attempts to set up Blackbeard's demise and save the naive Angelica from her father. After some trouble with mermaids and the Spanish Navy, he succeeds by tricking Blackbeard into giving up his life to save hers. Jack marooned Angelica out of fear for her retaliation when she announces she is with Jack's child (which was a lie out of desperation), while having Gibbs retrieve the shrunken Black Pearl. When asked about giving up his chance for immortality while he begins to search for a way to get his ship back to its original size, Jack answers that immortality is not everything, though he admits making a name for himself as the one who found the Fountain is good enough immortality at the moment. After the credits in the film, the voodoo doll of Jack is seen drifting at sea towards the island Sparrow stranded Angelica on.
Outside films, Jack Sparrow first appeared as a companion character in the 2006 video game Kingdom Hearts II, where he was voiced by James Arnold Taylor in the English version and Hiroaki Hirata (who also dubbed Sparrow in the film's Japanese dubs) in the Japanese version. Sparrow has since appeared in other video games, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow where he was voiced by Johnny Depp, the adaptation of Dead Man's Chest and various game versions of At World's End, where he was voiced by Jared Butler with motion capture movements provided by Johnny Paton. The character was also voiced by Jared Butler in Pirates of the Caribbean Online, which takes place before the films.
Sparrow's backstory in Pirates of the Caribbean: The Complete Visual Guide indicates he was born on a pirate ship during a typhoon in the Indian Ocean, and that he was trained to fence by an Italian. Rob Kidd wrote an ongoing book series entitled Pirates of the Caribbean: Jack Sparrow, following a teenage Sparrow and his crew on the Barnacle as they battle sirens, mermaids and adult pirates while looking for various treasures. The first book, The Coming Storm, was published on June 1, 2006.
On Saturday Night Live, Andy Samberg and the rest of The Lonely Island collaborated with Michael Bolton in a Digital Short called "Jack Sparrow" about Bolton's obsession with the "Pirates" movies. In it Bolton dresses up as Jack Sparrow and the character is mentioned several times in the verses.
On the TV Show So Random! the show players of the name Jack Sparrow making Sparrow a bird in a recurring skit. He is played by Shayne Topp. The impression has become one of Topp's signature skits on the show.
Concept and creation
When writing the screenplay for Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio envisioned Jack Sparrow as a supporting character, citing Bugs Bunny and Groucho Marx as influences. The producers saw him as a young Burt Lancaster. Director Gore Verbinski admitted, "The first film was a movie, and then Jack was put into it almost. He doesn't have the obligations of the plot in the same ways that the other characters have. He meanders his way through, and he kind of affects everybody else." Sparrow represents an ethical pirate, with Captain Barbossa as his corrupt foil. His true motives usually remain masked, and whether he is honorable or evil depends on the audience's perspective. This acts as part of Will Turner's arc, in which Sparrow tells him a pirate can be a good man, like his father.
Following the success of The Curse of the Black Pearl, the challenge to creating a sequel was, according to Verbinski, "You don't want just the Jack Sparrow movie. It's like having a garlic milkshake. He's the spice and you need a lot of straight men ... Let's not give them too much Jack. It's like too much dessert or too much of a good thing." Although Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest was written to propel the trilogy's plot, Sparrow's state-of-mind as he is pursued by Davy Jones becomes increasingly edgy, and the writers concocted the cannibal sequence to show that he was in danger whether on land or at sea. Sparrow is also perplexed over his attraction to Elizabeth Swann, and attempts to justify it throughout the film.
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End was meant to return it tonally to a character piece. Sparrow, in particular, is tinged with madness after extended solitary confinement in Davy Jones's Locker, and now desires immortality. Sparrow struggles with what it takes to be a moral person, after his honest streak caused his doom in the second film. By the end of At World's End Sparrow is sailing to the Fountain of Youth, an early concept for the second film. Rossio has said they may write the screenplay for a fourth film, and producer Jerry Bruckheimer has expressed interest in a spin-off. Gore Verbinski concurred that "all of the stories set in motion by the first film have been resolved. If there ever were another Pirates of the Caribbean film, I would start fresh and focus on the further adventures of Captain Jack Sparrow."
Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides was first announced on September 28, 2008 during a Disney event at the Kodak Theater. On September 11, 2009 the title of the film was officially announced. Gore Verbinski did not return to direct the fourth installment, and is instead directed by Rob Marshall. The movie uses elements from Tim Powers novel On Stranger Tides, particularly Blackbeard and the Fountain of Youth but the film is not a straight adaptation of the novel.
Johnny Depp was looking to do a family film in 2001, and was visiting the Walt Disney Studios when he heard there were plans to adapt the Pirates of the Caribbean ride into a film. Depp was excited by the possibility of reviving an old Hollywood genre, and was further delighted that the script met his quirky sensibilities: the crew of the Black Pearl were not searching for treasure, but were instead trying to return it to lift their curse. In addition, the traditional mutiny had already occurred. Depp was cast on June 10, 2002. Producer Jerry Bruckheimer felt Depp was "an edgy actor who will kind of counter the Disney Country Bears soft quality and tell an audience that an adult and teenager can go see this and have a good time with it."
At the first read-through, Depp surprised the cast and crew by portraying the character in an off-kilter manner. After researching 18th century pirates, Depp compared them to modern rock stars and decided to base his performance on Keith Richards. Verbinski and Bruckheimer had confidence in Depp, partly because Orlando Bloom would be playing the traditional Errol Flynn-type character. Depp also improvised the film's final line, "Now, bring me that horizon", which is the writer's favorite line. Disney executives were initially confused by Depp's performance, asking him whether the character was drunk or gay. Michael Eisner even proclaimed while watching rushes, "He's ruining the film!" Depp responded, "Look, these are the choices I made. You know my work. So either trust me or give me the boot." Many industry insiders also questioned Depp's casting, as he was an unconventional actor not known for working within the traditional studio system.
Depp's performance was highly acclaimed by film critics. Alan Morrison found it "Gloriously over-the-top ... In terms of physical precision and verbal delivery, it's a master-class in comedy acting." Roger Ebert also found his performance "original in its every atom. There has never been a pirate, or for that matter a human being, like this in any other movie ... his behavior shows a lifetime of rehearsal." Ebert also praised Depp for drawing away from the way the character was written. Although he disliked the film, critic Kenneth Turan enjoyed Depp's performance, but Mark Kermode wrote it was some of Depp's "worst work to date ... under [director Gore Verbinski]'s slack direction Depp defaults to an untrammelled showiness not seen since the sub-Buster Keaton antics of Benny & Joon." Depp won a Screen Actor's Guild award for his performance, and was also nominated for a Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Actor, the first in his career. Film School Rejects argued that because of the film, Depp became as much a movie star as he was a character actor.
Johnny Depp returned as Jack Sparrow in 2006's Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest, the first time the actor ever made a sequel. Drew McWeeny noted, "Remember how cool Han Solo was in Star Wars the first time you saw it? And then remember how much cooler he seemed when Empire came out? This is that big a jump." Yet, Eric Vespe felt that "In the first movie he was playing a fool that was hiding a great pirate on the inside and in this one he's a great pirate hiding a cowardly fool." By At World's End, Peter Travers felt it proved "there can indeed be too much of a good thing." Nonetheless, Depp received an MTV Movie Award and a Teen Choice Award for Dead Man's Chest, and was also nominated for a Golden Globe, which he lost to Sacha Baron Cohen for his portrayal of Borat Sagdiev in Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan. Depp was also nominated at the 2007 Empire Awards for best actor but lost to Daniel Craig for Casino Royale.  For his performance in At World's End, Depp won an MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance, as well as a People's Choice Award and a Kids' Choice Award. He has signed on to reprise the role for future sequels.
Make-up and costumes
Johnny Depp wore a wig to portray Sparrow's dreadlocks, an aesthetic influenced by Depp's rock n' roll approach to pirates. In addition to a red bandanna Sparrow wears numerous objects in his hair, influenced by Keith Richards' habit of collecting souvenirs from his travels; Sparrow's decorations include his "piece of eight". Sparrow wears kohl around his eyes, which was inspired by Depp's study of nomads, whom he compared to pirates, and Depp also wore contacts that acted as sunglasses. Sparrow has several gold teeth, two of which belong to Depp, although they were applied during filming. Depp forgot to have them removed after shooting The Curse of the Black Pearl, and decided to keep them throughout shooting of the sequels. Like all aspects of Depp's performance, Disney initially expressed great concern over Depp's teeth. Sparrow wears his goatee in two braids. Initially wire was used in them, but the wires were abandoned because they made the braids stick up when Depp lay down. Sparrow also has numerous tattoos, and has been branded a pirate on his right arm by Cutler Beckett, underneath a tattoo of a swallow. In At World's End, one of the "Jack" incarnations is working stripped to the waist, and a full body tattoo of the poem Desiderata is clearly seen.
Depp collaborated with costume designer Penny Rose on his character's appearance, handpicking a tricorne as Sparrow's signature leather hat: the other characters in the series could not wear leather hats, to make Sparrow's unique. For the scene when it floats on water in Dead Man's Chest, a rubber version was used. Depp liked to stick to one costume, wearing one lightweight silk tweed frock coat throughout the series, and he had to be coaxed out of wearing his boots for a version without a sole or heel in beach scenes. The official line is that none of the costumes from The Curse of the Black Pearl survived, which allowed the opportunity to create tougher linen shirts for stunts. However, one remains which has been displayed in an exhibition of screen costumes in Worcester, England. It was a nightmare for Rose to track down the same makers of Sparrow's sash in Turkey. Rose did not want to silkscreen it, as the homewoven piece had the correct worn feel. Sparrow wears an additional belt in the sequels, because Depp liked a new buckle which did not fit with the original piece.
Sparrow's weapons are genuine 18th century pieces: his sword dates to the 1740s, while his pistol is from the 1760s. Both were made in London. Depp used two pistols on set, one being rubber. Both props survived after production of the first film. Sparrow's magic compass also survived into the sequels, though director Gore Verbinski had a red arrow added to the dial as it became a more prominent prop. As it does not act like a normal compass, a magnet was used to make it spin. Sparrow wears four rings, two of which belong to Depp. Depp bought the green ring in 1989, and the gold ring is a replica of a 2400-year old ring Depp gave to the crew, though the original was later stolen. The other two are props to which Depp gave backstories: the gold-and-black ring is stolen from a Spanish widow Sparrow seduced, and the green dragon ring recalls his adventures in the Far East. Among Depp's additional ideas was the necklace made of human toes that Sparrow wears as the Pelegosto prepare to eat him, and the sceptre was based on one a friend of Depp's owned.
During the course of the trilogy, Sparrow undergoes physical transformations. In The Curse of the Black Pearl Sparrow curses himself to battle the undead Barbossa. Like all the actors playing the Black Pearl crew, Depp had to shoot scenes in costume as a reference for the animators, and his shots as a skeleton were shot again without him. Depp reprised the scene again on a motion capture stage. In At World's End, Sparrow hallucinates a version of himself as a member of Davy Jones's crew, adhered to a wall and encrusted with barnacles. Director Gore Verbinski oversaw that the design retained Sparrow's distinctive look, and rejected initial designs which portrayed him as over 100 years old.
|"Gentlemen; m'lady. You will always remember this as the day that you almost caught Captain! Jack! Sparrow!"|
|—Jack escapes another sticky situation|
The character is portrayed as having created, or at least contributed to, his own reputation. When Gibbs tells Will that Sparrow escaped from a desert island by strapping two sea turtles together, Sparrow embellishes the story by claiming the rope was made from hair from his own back, while in reality, Sparrow escaped the island by bartering with rum traders. The video game Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow bases itself around these tall tales, including the sacking of Nassau port without firing a single shot. In a script draft of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest Will's guide says that he heard Sparrow escaped execution in Port Royal by grabbing two parrots and flying away. Johnny Depp has said pirates were like rock stars in that their fame preceded them, which suggests a reason for the portrayal of Sparrow as having an enormous ego. Sparrow also insists on being addressed as "Captain" Jack Sparrow and often gives the farewell, "This is the day you will always remember as the day that you almost caught Captain Jack Sparrow!," which is sometimes humorously cut off. When accused by Norrington as being the worst pirate he has ever heard of, Sparrow replies, "But you have heard of me." In a deleted scene from Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Sparrow ponders being "the immortal Captain Jack Sparrow", and during the third film he seeks immortality, although his father, Captain Teague, warns it can be a terrible curse. Sparrow also ponders being "Captain Jack Sparrow, the last pirate," as the East India Trading Company purges piracy.
Despite his many heroics, Sparrow is a pirate and a morally ambiguous character. When agreeing to trade 100 souls, including Will, to Davy Jones in exchange for his freedom, Jones asks Sparrow whether he can, "condemn an innocent man—a friend—to a lifetime of servitude in your name while you roam free?" After a hesitation Sparrow merrily replies, "Yep! I'm good with it!" He carelessly runs up debts with Anamaria, Davy Jones, and the other pirate lords. Sao Feng (Chow Yun-fat), pirate lord of Singapore, is particularly hateful towards him. In a cowardly moment, Sparrow abandons his crew during the Kraken's attack, but underlying loyalty and morality compel him to return and save them. Sparrow claims to be a man of his word, and expresses surprise that people doubt his truthfulness; there is no murder or other major felonies on his criminal record.
Depp partly based the character on Pepé Le Pew, a womanizing skunk from Looney Tunes. Sparrow claims to have a "tremendous intuitive sense of the female creature", although his conquests are often left with a sour memory of him. Former flames, Scarlett and Giselle, usually slap him or anyone looking for him. His witty charm easily attracts women, and even has Elizabeth Swann questioning her feelings. Director Gore Verbinski noted phallic connotations in Sparrow's relationship with his vessel, as he grips the steering wheel. The Black Pearl is described as "the only ship which can outrun the Flying Dutchman". The Freudian overtones continue in the third film when Sparrow and Barbossa battle for captaincy of the Black Pearl, showing off the length of their telescopes, and in a deleted scene, they fight over the steering wheel. Sparrow claims his "first and only love is the sea," and describes his ship as representing freedom. Davy Jones's Locker is represented as a desert, symbolizing his personal hell.
Sparrow also has bad personal hygiene, a trait of Pepé Le Pew. Verbinski described Sparrow's breath as "a donkey's ass". Sparrow knocks Will off his ship simply by huffing at him. Lastly, Sparrow has an insatiable thirst for rum, which can confuse his magic compass as to what he wants most. According to his criminal record on the At World's End website, he even sacked a shipment of rum to quench his thirst.
When Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest grossed over $1 billion worldwide, Ian Nathan attributed this to Sparrow's popularity: "Pirates, the franchise, only had to turn up. There was a powerful holdover from the cheeky delights of its debut, something we hadn't felt since the Clone Wars called it a day." Empire declared Johnny Depp's performance to be the seventy-fourth "thing that rocked our world" in 2006 when celebrating 200 issues and later named him as the eighth greatest movie character of all time. A survey of more than 3,000 people showed Jack Sparrow was the most popular Halloween costume of 2006, and a 2007 poll held by the Internet Movie Database showed Sparrow to be the second most popular live action hero, after Indiana Jones. In a 2007 Pearl & Dean poll, Jack Sparrow is Depp's most popular performance.
Emanuel Levy feels the character is the only iconic film character of the 2000s decade, while Todd Gilchrist feels Sparrow is the only element of the films that will remain timeless. According to Sharon Eberson, the character's popularity can be attributed to being a "scoundrel whose occasional bouts of conscience allow viewers to go with the flaws because, as played to the larger-than-life hilt by Depp, he owns every scene he is in." Film history professor at UCLA Jonathan Kuntz also attributed his popularity to the increased questioning of masculinity in the 21st century, and Sparrow's personality contrasts with action-adventure heroes in cinema. Leonard Maltin concurs that Sparrow has a carefree attitude and does not take himself seriously. Mark Fox also noted Sparrow is an escapist fantasy figure for women, free from much of the responsibility of most heroes. Sparrow is listed by IGN as one of their ten favorite film outlaws, as he "lives for himself and the freedom to do whatever it is that he damn well pleases. Precious few film characters have epitomized what makes the outlaw such a romantic figure for audiences as Captain Jack Sparrow has." Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade, "best-of" list, saying, "Part Keith Richards rift, part sozzled lounge lizard, Johnny Depp's swizzleshtick pirate was definitely one of the most dazzling characters of the decade."
In 2011, comedic group The Lonely Island, with singer Michael Bolton, released a song called Jack Sparrow as an homage to the character, declaring him "The Pauper of the Surf" and "The Jester of Tortuga."
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 Gore Verbinski (director). (2003) (Film). Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. Walt Disney Pictures.
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 Gore Verbinski (director). (2006) (Film). Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. Walt Disney Pictures.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Gore Verbinski (director). (2007) (Film). Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End. Walt Disney Pictures.
- ↑ "Production Begins on "Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides" in 3D" (Press release). Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. 2010-06-21. http://www.mouseinfo.com/forums/movies-television/92045-production-begins-pirates-caribbean-stranger-tides-3d.html. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
- ↑ Richard Platt; Glenn Dakin (2007). Pirates of the Caribbean: The Complete Visual Guide. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 12–15. ISBN 0756626765.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Ted Elliott, Terry Rossio, Stuart Beattie, Jay Wolpert. (2003) (DVD). Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl: Audio Commentary. Buena Vista.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Sean Smith (26 June 2006). "A Pirate's Life". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/52442. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Jeff Otto (28 June 2006). "IGN Interviews Gore Verbinski". IGN. http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/714/714964p1.html. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ "Shipload of Characters Both New and Familiar". Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest Production Notes. http://madeinatlantis.com/pirates/production/production3.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Ian Nathan (27 April 2007). "Pirates 3". Empire: pp. 88–92.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Ted Elliott, Terry Rossio. (2006) (DVD). Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest: Audio Commentary. Buena Vista.
- ↑ "Characters (video)". Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Official site. http://disney.go.com/disneypictures/pirates/atworldsend/. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 "Success Can Be a Tough Taskmaster". Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Production Notes. http://numberonestars.com/pirates3/production1.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ "Chapter 3 – Revealing the True Nature of all the Characters". Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Production Notes. http://numberonestars.com/pirates3/production3.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- ↑ (DVD) Charting the Return. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ "Exclusive interview: Terry Rossio". Moviehole. 12 February 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011163402rn_1/www.moviehole.net/interviews/20070212_exclusive_interview_terry_ross.html. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- ↑ "Bruckheimer talks Pirates spin-off". Moviehole. May 10, 2007. Archived from the original on May 12, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070512134248/http://www.moviehole.net/news/20070510_bruckheimer_talks_pirates_spin.html.
- ↑ Steve Fritz (30 November 2007). "Talking Pirates with Gore Verbinski". Newsarama. http://forum.newsarama.com/showthread.php?t=137989. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- ↑ "Johnny Depp (in Jack Sparrow costume) surprises Disney D23 Expo audience". Los Angeles Times. September 11, 2009. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/herocomplex/2009/09/johnny-depp-jack-sparrow-disney-costume-.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Gore Verbinski, Johnny Depp. (2003) (DVD). Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Audio Commentary. Buena Vista.
- ↑ Greg Dean Schmitz. "Greg's Previews – Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003)". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 2005-07-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20050713090935/http://movies.yahoo.com/shop?d=hp&cf=prev&id=1808405416&gpt=ch. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 22.2 Stax (25 June 2003). "Depp & Bruckheimer Talk Pirates". IGN. http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/425/425848p1.html. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 Ian Nathan (1 July 2006). "Pirates of the Caribbean 2". Empire. pp. 66–69.
- ↑ Chris Nashawaty. "Box Office Buccaneer". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20037288_20037290_465481,00.html. Retrieved 2007-05-18.
- ↑ Alan Morrison. "Pirates Of The Caribbean: The Curse Of The Black Pearl". Empire. http://www.empireonline.com/reviews/reviewcomplete.asp?FID=9271. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- ↑ Roger Ebert (9 July 2003). "Pirates Of The Caribbean: The Curse Of The Black Pearl". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20030709/REVIEWS/307090301/1023. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- ↑ Kenneth Turan. "'Pirates of the Caribbean'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20070929145615/http://www.calendarlive.com/movies/reviews/cl-et-turan9jul09,2,3211342.story. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- ↑ Mark Kermode (9 July 2006). "Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest". The Observer. http://film.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/Critic_Review/Guardian_Film_of_the_week/0,,1816109,00.html. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ "Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Awards". Allmovie. http://www.allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=1:281052~T4. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ "Pirates World's End: Johnny Depp's Farewell?". Emanuel Levy. 2007. http://www.emanuellevy.com/article.php?articleID=5729. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ Neil Miller (29 May 2007). "The Ten Most Powerful Movie Franchises in History". Film School Rejects. http://www.filmschoolrejects.com/opinions/the-ten-most-powerful-movie-franchises-in-history.php. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ Drew McWeeny (25 June 2006). "Moriarty Reviews Pirates of the Caribbean 2: Dead Man's Chest!!". Ain't It Cool News. http://www.aintitcool.com/node/23694. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- ↑ Eric Vespe (3 July 2006). "Quint, The Crusty Seaman, scrapes the barnacles off of the Dead Man's Chest!!!". Ain't It Cool News. http://www.aintitcool.com/?q=node/23753. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ Peter Travers (22 May 2007). "Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/movies/peter-travers/blogs/thetraverstake_2007/51659/49670. Retrieved 2007-05-23.
- ↑ MTV (4 June 2007). "The MTV Movie Awards Winners!". Comingsoon.net. http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=20777. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- ↑ "Awards for Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0383574/awards. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ Marc Graser (24 September 2008). "Disney, Depp return to 'Caribbean'". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117992798.html. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Scarf And Wig. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Dingles. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Eye Make-Up. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 41.2 (DVD) An Epic At Sea: The Making of Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. Buena Vista. 2003.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Teeth/Johnny's Teeth. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ "Depp's Golden Teeth". Internet Movie Database. 23 June 2003. http://www.imdb.com/news/wenn/2003-06-23#celeb5. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Beard. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Hat. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Pirate Coat. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Boots. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Shirt. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ "Starstruck: the Costumes". http://www.worcestercathedral.co.uk/media/List_of_costumes.pdf. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Sash. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Belt. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Sword. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Pistol. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Compass. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Rings. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Cannibal Toe Necklace. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ (DVD) Jack's Cannibal Scepter. Buena Vista. 2006.
- ↑ Scott Collura, Eric Moro (29 May 2007). "Designing At World's End". IGN. http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/792/792383p3.html. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- ↑ Drew McWeeny (27 April 2007). "AICN Exclusive! Pirates of the Caribbean 3 New Crew Member Designs!". Ain't It Cool News. http://www.aintitcool.com/node/32457. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- ↑ 60.0 60.1 60.2 "Pirates Dead Man's Chest: Depp's Iconic Role". Emanuel Levy. 2006. http://www.emanuellevy.com/article.php?articleID=2688. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ (DVD) The Immortal Captain Jack. Buena Vista. 2003.
- ↑ Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest comic book adaptation, Disney Adventures, 2006
- ↑ 63.0 63.1 "Port Royal". Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Official Website. http://disney.go.com/disneypictures/pirates/atworldsend/. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- ↑ Gore Verbinski. (2007) (DVD). Two Captains, One Ship audio commentary. Buena Vista.
- ↑ Ian Nathan (27 October 2006). "How Pirates' feckless hero won over the fans before he even showed up". Empire. p. 176.
- ↑ "200 things that rocked our world". Empire. 2 January 2006. p. 118.
- ↑ "Captain Jack Sparrow top pick for 2006 Most Popular Halloween Costume". Extreme Halloween Network. 17 October 2006. http://www.anniescostumes.com/popularhalloweencostumes2006.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- ↑ "From this list of live-action heroes, who is your favorite?". Internet Movie Database. 3 June 2007. http://www.imdb.com/poll/results/2007-06-03. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- ↑ "Johnny Depp's great Captain role". People. 22 May 2007. http://people.monstersandcritics.com/news/article_1307679.php. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- ↑ Todd Gilchrist (24 May 2007). "Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End". IGN. http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/791/791309p1.html. Retrieved 2007-05-24.
- ↑ Sharon Eberson (24 May 2007). "Jack Sparrow joins a unique line of iconic characters". Post Gazette. http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/07144/788381-254.stm. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- ↑ Sandy Cohen (25 May 2007). "Depp’s Captain Jack Sparrow smashes enduring cinematic mold of swashbuckling seafarers". Associated Press. Archived from the original on July 30, 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5rcAPIz38. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
- ↑ Mark Fox (24 May 2007). "Besting Jack Sparrow". Crave Online. http://www.craveonline.com/articles/humor/04647967/besting_jack_sparrow.html. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- ↑ "Top Ten Movie Outlaws". IGN. 19 September 2007. http://movies.ign.com/articles/821/821191p1.html. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
- ↑ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz, Adam; Nashawaty, Chris; Pastorek, Whitney; Rice, Lynette; Rottenberg, Josh; Schwartz, Missy; Slezak, Michael; Snierson, Dan; Stack, Tim; Stroup, Kate; Tucker, Ken; Vary, Adam B.; Vozick-Levinson, Simon; Ward, Kate (December 11, 2009), "The 100 Greatest Movies, TV Shows, Albums, Books, Characters, Scenes, Episodes, Songs, Dresses, Music Videos, and Trends That Entertained Us over the Past 10 Years". Entertainment Weekly. (1079/1080):74–84
- ↑ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2007-06-16/johnny-depp-to-guest-voice-on-doraemon-pirates-special
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